19th Century Irish Composition|
Synthesized by UnKnown Artist
Origin Of The 1st Cavalry Division
The continuing WebSite materials, the Cavalry Scout Report, starts with the early days of the horse soldier and their initial mission to protect the western movement of people and commerce along the Northwest Oregon and Southwest Santa Fe Trails. These trails and railroad lines, which soon followed, a result of the perceived Manifest Destiny, extended the domination of the United States into the far reaches of a largely unsettled territory which was slowly developing.
The Army, having large areas of land masses and a growing number of people to protect, established a number of military posts at strategic locations throughout the Northwest, West and Southwest. These "outposts" were staffed with a fast, mobile and high spirited strike force of cavalry troops to provide protection along these arteries of emigration and commerce. These early missions, and the later reorganization and consolidation of many the early Cavalry Regimental Elements into the 1st Cavalry Division and its specialized support functions, along with new tactical equipment training and developments enabled the Division to evolve into the modern, highly trained, mission ready, assault and support force of today.
Upper Left: The Commissioned, Noncommissioned Officers and Soldiers of the 1st Cavalry Division participates in a colorful Change of Command Ceremony at Cooper Field, Ft. Hood, TX, The flag was flown at "half staff" in memory of all the victims of the 911 attack.Upper Right: The Color Guard presents the Colors of the Subordinate Units and the Division to the Outgoing and Incoming Commanders of the 1st Cavalry Division.
In combat, individual exploits and personal valor are important, but team effort wins the battles. The Department of the Army pays close attention to team performance as well to the organizations in which its soldiers serve and fight, and to the flags and colors that symbolize those organizations. In the same way that patriots fight for their country's flag, soldiers fight for their unit colors. It is one of the missions of the US Army Center of Military History to retain those organizations with the greatest heritage on the rolls of the Army.
The older an organization, the more soldiers, both active and retired, have had the opportunity of serving in and identifying with it along with the more opportunities the organization has had to win battle honors. As the Army continues to be downsized, it is essential that the oldest and most honored organizations remain. As Base Realignment and Closings Laws are enacted and units are inactivated, flags and colors move around to ensure their retention. The term "reflagging" was coined in the 1980s to describe this phenomenon formerly called a "transfer less personnel and equipment." While such actions have occurred occasionally throughout the Army's history, they increased after World War II as the Army placed more emphasis on retaining units with the most history and honors.
The Army currently uses the following factors to determine the historical priority of Divisions and Brigades and the point value assigned to each:
As you will read in detail, in later chapters of its history, the 1st Cavalry Division has retained its long heritage throughout its organizational life by the following transformations:
|1st Cavalry Division - Table Of Organization|
|Date Of Revision - 16 November, 2012|
In addition to the reviewing the histories of the subordinate units currently attached 0r attached to the 1st Cavalry Division, you may wish to review the rich histories of the Legacy Units; that formally served, contributed significantly to the combat effectiveness, played key roles in the battlefield accomplishments and evolutionary organizational restructuring of the 1st Cavalry Division.
|1st Cavalry Division - Linage Legacy Units|
|Date Of Revision - 17 November, 2012|
"As one of the Army's two on-call heavy contingency
force divisions, the First Team has an on-order mission to
deploy to a designated contingency area of operations by sea,
air or land, conduct reception, staging, onward movement
and integration; and on order, conduct combat operations
|Key Strategic And Tactical Assembly Areas (TAA) Of The 1st Cavalry Division|
The 1st Cavalry Division, a major subordinate command of the US Third Mobile Armored Corps, is a 19,000 soldier, heavy armored division stationed at Ft. Hood, TX. As one of the two "on-call" heavy contingency force divisions of the Army, the First Team has an on-order mission to deploy by sea, air or land to any part of the world on a short notice. The following narratives, divided in timeline sequences of major operational missions, describes the environment, tactical conditions, evolution of equipment technology and the strategic methodology employed by the 1st Cavalry Division to enable a successful mission and enhance a warring organization.
The early history of Fort Bliss, TX, the Army Base where the 1st Cavalry Division was activated, was closely tied to the movement of people and trade along the Oregon and Santa Fe Trails. These routes, a result of perceived "manifest destiny", extended the domain of the United States into the far reaches of a largely unsettled territory. As more and more wagon trains loaded with settlers rolled west, they were attacked by Indians. The Army, having large areas of territory to protect, established a number of military posts at strategic locations throughout the West. These outposts were staffed with a fast, mobile and high spirited strike force of cavalry troops to provide protection along these arteries of emigration and commerce.
In order to provide a series of "snapshots" of the heritage of the 1st Cavalry Division that has evolved, some of it naturally and some of it by deliberate planning, its history is described by a series of "tableaux" which are presented for each of the significant events or challenges confronted by the Division.
Upon formal activation, the 7th, 8th and 10th Cavalry Regiments were assigned to the new Division. With almost a century of service behind the oldest of its regiments and sixty five years of service for its youngest, the units that had already ridden and fought its way into the pages of history were organized into the newly formed divisional structure. The four regiments were now to fight side by side. Other units initially assigned to the 1st Cavalry Division in 1921 included the 1st and 2nd Machine Gun Squadrons, Weapons Troops, 10th Light Tank Company, 13th Signal Troop, 15th Veterinary Company, 27th Ordnance Company, 43rd Ambulance Company, 82nd Field Artillery Battalion (Horse) and the 1st Cavalry Quartermaster Trains which later was redesignated as the 15th Replacement Company.
Later, the 5th Cavalry Regiment was assigned on 18 December 1922, relieving the 10th Cavalry Regiment. On 03 January 1933, the 1st Cavalry Regiment was relieved from the Division and transferred to Ft. Knox, KY where it was reorganized and redesignated as a mechanized unit. Concurrent with the relief of the 1st Cavalry Regiment, the 12th Cavalry Regiment was assigned the 1st Cavalry Division. It would not be until 01 November 1957, when elements of the 4th Cavalry Regiment, 4th Battle Group and the first element of the 9th Cavalry Regiment, the 1st Squadron, would be assigned to the 1st Cavalry Division in Korea.
The following operational periods summaries the new threats and constant challenges presented to the Division that provided the opportunity to hone their experience levels and modernize equipment to what it is today.
In the next action undertaken was Operation KING II on the Philippine Island of Leyte, On October 20, the invasion force must have appeared awesome to the waiting Japanese as it swept toward the eastern shores of Leyte near Tacloban. After the breakout of Tacloban, the Division fought tirelessly against the Japanese fortifications. With the last of the strong-holds eliminated, the Division moved on to Luzon, the main island of the Philippines. During the fighting on Luzon, the Division formed a "Flying Column" to slice through 100 miles of Japanese territory. In a period, measured in hours, the 1st Cavalry Division was in Manila and the prisoners at Santo Tomas were freed along with the recapture of the Malacanan Palace and the legislative buildings.
In 1945, following their long engagement with the enemy, the Division staged for the invasion (Operation OLYMPIC and CORONET) of Japan at Lucena, Luzon, PI. The war came to a sudden end when President Harry Truman authorized the use of the atomic bomb on Heroshima (06 August) and Nagasaki (09 August) and with the subsequent radio announcement, on 15 August, of the surrender of Japan made all the preparation superfluous. MacArthur's "First Team" was given the honor of leading the Allied Occupational Army into Tokyo.
The Division's first mission in Tokyo was to assume control of the central portion of the city. Daily patrols began the long task of locating, investigating and reporting all Japanese installations which had contributed to the nation's war effort. All arsenals, factories, barracks and storage grounds had to be examined and reports made of their contents. In addition, the Division was concerned with the status of demobilization of the Japanese armed forces. Although the Imperial Army and Navy were being disbanded under supervision of Japanese officials, the 1st Cavalry Division maintained liaison with them and checked on the progress of their work.
The sudden intervention of Communist Chinese Forces dashed hopes of a quick end to the war. First Team troopers fought courageously in the north-south, see-saw campaigns that followed and successfully defended the city of Seoul. After 18 months of continuous fighting, the Division rotated back to Hokkaido, Japan in 1952 for rest and rehabilitation. Following the armistice, the Division relocated to Korea in 1957, with the mission of patrolling the Demilitarized Zone for 8 years.
In negotiations among the World War II allies, Joseph Stalin declared his interest in occupying the nearby islands of Sakhalin, Hokkaido, and Kurile in exchange for entry of the USSR into the war against Japan. President Roosevelt disagreed, but by the end of the war, Soviet troops had taken Sakhalin and the Kuriles and were preparing to invade Hokkaido.
The first of the regiments to leave Korea, the 5th Cavalry Regiment was relieved in reserve by the 180th Infantry Regiment. On 07 December, the 5th Cavalry Regiment left Inchon. Four days later, its convoy entered the harbor of Muroran, on the southeastern coast of Hokkaido, and movement to Camp Chitose, Area I was completed by train. On 18 December, the 7th Cavalry Regiment departed Korea. On 30 December, the 8th Cavalry Regiment, the first of the regiments to engage the enemy in Korea, turned over its equipment to the 279th Infantry Regiment and moved out in skirmish lines in a march over the hills and to the beach where they were loaded into LSTs. The last unit to embark was the 77th Field Artillery, which had moved off the line as the year of 1951 was ending. On 12 January 1952, the 77th left Korea and arrived at the port of Muroran on 16 January closing out the move of the 1st Cavalry Division from Korea to Hokkaido just 18 months after the July 1950 landing at Pohangdong.
The concept of Pentomic divisions was developed in 1956 to meet the needs of nuclear battlefields. The goal was to field highly mobile divisions with great fire power and supported by state-of-the-art communication systems and logistics. A division was composed of a maximum of 13,500 personnel assigned to five battle groups. Each battle group was a self-contained force trained to conduct independent operations when necessary. Specialized firepower support was provided by artillery and missile units armed with conventional ordnance and nuclear warheads. One of the first implementations of the Pentomic Division concept was carried out on 15 October 1957, in ceremonies held in Tonggu, Korea, when the colors of the 24th Infantry Division were retired and the colors of the 1st Cavalry Division were passed to the Commanding General of the former 24th Infantry Division. "The First Team" had returned, standing to defend Korea against Communist aggression.
Concurrent with the reorganization and reflagging of the 1st Cavalry Division to the pentomic concept, the 545th MP Company, the 61st, 77th, 82nd, and 99th Field Artillery Battalions, the 26th and 29th AAA Battalions and the 70th Tank Battalion, which had served so nobly in Korea and Japan, were inactivated and relieved from assignment to the 1st Cavalry Division.
The Air Assault Operations formed, equipped and trained six airmobile
companies to send into combat. Then, troubling events in Vietnam accelerated
the decision to convert the 11th Air Assault (Test) to a combat division. The
decision was initially made in March 1965. It was also decided that the new
division would be formed around the colors of the 1st Cavalry Division. On 16
June, Secretary of Defense Robert S. McNamara made a public announcement that
the Department of the Army had been given the green light to organize an air
assault division. McNamara also stunned many observers, when he declared that
the new division would be combat ready eight weeks after its organization.
The first actions of 1968 began by terminating the longest Vietnam actions of the Division, Operation PERSHING. Later, for nearly a year the Division scoured the Bong Son plain, An Lo valley and the hills of coastal II Corps, seeking out enemy units and their sanctuaries. When the operation ended, the enemy had lost 5,401 soldiers and 2,400 enemy soldiers had been detained.
Moving to I Corps, Vietnam's northern most tactical zone, the Division set up Camp Evans for their new base camp. Early in the next year, the enemy launched the Tet Offensive, a major effort to overrun South Vietnam. Some 7,000 enemy, primarily well equipped, crack NVA regulars blasted their way into the imperial city of Hue and Quang Tri, the capital of Vietnam's northern most province.
Taking actions in the conflict, Quang Tri and Hue were sequentially liberated. Shattering the enemy's dreams of a Tet victory, the 1st Cavalry Division "Sky-troopers" moved to relieve the besieged Marine Base at Khe Sann. The First Team was "First into Cambodia," hitting what was previously a Communist sanctuary. Troopers deprived the enemy of much needed supplies and ammunition, scattering the enemy forces. The Vietnam service for the Division ended in 1972 when its last brigade began withdrawing. The 1st Cavalry Division had been the first division to go, and the last to leave.
The 1st Cavalry Division was reorganized,in 1975, to add a computerized system to increase the effectiveness of artillery (TACFIRE), becoming the newest armored division in the Army. In parallel, they tested the Division Restructure (DRS) concept to evaluate the most effective use of manpower and weapons systems for the battles to be fought in the future.
The first National Training Center (NTC) rotation for the Division took place in 1982 to initiate a long on-going series of tough, realistic desert battles. The Division now conducts three NTC rotations a year. All the training, modernization, planning, and operations culminated in REFORGER '83, when the First Team deployed nearly 9,000 soldiers to Holland, drew pre-positioned equipment, moved to a staging area and conducted exercise "Certain Strike" on the plains of Northern Germany. The success of the exercise proved that the Division was fully capable of performing its wartime mission.
In 1987 the First Team became the first division to field and train with Mobile Subscriber Equipment (MSE), the militarized version of a commercial cellular telephone system which became fully operational in 1988. In 1989 the Division added new weapons to its inventory with combined use of the AH-64 Apache, M2 Bradley, and MSE. In addition, the AH-64 Apaches had the capability to launch "Hellfire" anti-armor missiles. A variation in one of the missiles design provided the capability to be guided to it's target by the new OH-58D Observation Helicopter.
Before hostilities took place, the First Team gained valuable experience in combined operations through coordination with French, Egyptian and Syrian forces. In 1991, the Division, attached to VII (US) Corps, and the focus of the First Team began to shift toward offensive action. The Division moved nearly 500 kilometers to another assembly area near King Khalid Military City (KKMC) in northern Saudi Arabia, a key strategic location covering the historic Wadi al Batin approach into Saudi Arabia In Operation DESERT STORM, their "First" major mounted ground engagement, the Division attacked 10 miles into Iraq, confirming and destroying enemy positions. Regrouping, the Division charged west pausing only to refuel before passing through breeches in the enemy obstacle belt and within 24 hours they had gone 300 kilometers, slicing deep into the enemy's rear. The cease fire, which came after 100 hours of action, halted the continuing attack as the Division were "closing on" and preparing to destroy an entire Division of the Republican Guard.
On 21 May 1991, the 1st Cavalry Division became the largest division in the Army, with the reactivation of its 3rd (Greywolf) Brigade. Organic units included in this reactivation were formally assigned to the 1st (Tiger) Brigade, 2nd Armored Division that, at times, had been attached to the 1st Cavalry Division during the Gulf War. Units filling out the 3rd Brigade were 3rd Battalion, 41st Infantry Regiment, 1st and 3rd Battalions, 67th Armor Regiment, 1st Battalion, 3rd Field Artillery Regiment and the 502nd (later redesignated as the 215th) Forward Support Battalion.
In October of 1992 the new Engineer Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division was activated and organized. Though the "Engineering Restructuring Initiative" of the Army, the nucleus of the Brigade was formed around the division's historic 8th Engineer (Combat) Battalion. Additional organic units were assigned to the Brigade. The 20th Engineer Battalion was transferred from Ft. Campbell, Kentucky and the 91st Engineer Battalion was activated to complete the alignment of the Brigade.
In August of 1993, the reflagging actions were completed and following its reorganization, the Division became the Army's largest division and only armored contingency force.
The US Army Forces Central Command (ARCENT) - Kuwait, a major subordinate command of the US ARCENT of Ft. McPherson, GA. and U.S. Central Command (CENTCOM) of Tampa, FL, is the operational unit of the US Army in Kuwait. The mission of the US CENTCOM is to a) support US and free-world interests by assuring access to Mideast oil resources, b) help friendly regional states maintain their own security and collective defense, c) maintain an effective and visible US military presence in the region, d) deter threats by hostile regional states and e) project a military force into the region if necessary.
Following the Gulf War, members of US Central Command's Army component and the armed forces of Kuwait agreed to participate in a series of Combined Exercises held within the framework of the Mutual Defense Cooperation Agreement between Kuwait and the United States. In these exercises, Army battalions rotate into Camp Doha for training with the Kuwaiti while brigade command elements rotate into various locations in the country to gain familiarity with the terrain to develop and practice a mutual set of defensive postures. These exercises represented an opportunity for US Army forces to work with Kuwaiti armed forces in country while at the same time demonstrating US capability and commitment to the region.
Since Desert Storm, the 1st Cavalry Division has responded several times to contingency requirements to participate in joint desert training, and deploy in maneuvering exercises which support the mission objectives of the US Central Command. Each operation has underscored the need for vigilance and quick response and reinforced the value of pre-positioned equipment and limited forward presence in offsetting the strategic time/distance challenges inherent in winning the "race for Kuwait."
The mission of the 1st Cavalry Division was to conduct operations to enforce the military provisions set forth by the Dayton Accords. Their day-to-day presence and commitment to the citizens of this ravaged nation helped prove that a lasting and self-sustaining peace is possible. In order to conduct successful peace missions while in theater, soldiers were extensively trained on mine awareness, country and cultural customs and checkpoint and convoy operations.
During the six months, squads and platoons conducted over 9,000 combat patrols and escorted over 1000 convoy movements over some of the most rugged terrain and austere conditions. The soldiers conducted hundreds of weapons storage site inspections, established vehicle checkpoints designed to monitor and control movement and often conducted searches for and seizures of illegal contraband and weapons.
Providing the Division with Force XXI equipment that is fully digitized creates a "collaborative virtual environment" that, among other advantages, gives commanders, separated by great distances, the ability to communicate through various digital systems providing situational awareness across the battlefield.
In its end configuration, Force XXI equipment will best ideally suited for joint operations and is designed to be fully compatible with the operational systems of the other services. Seamless information connectivity with the other elements of the joint force are its primary characteristic and is essential for the success of joint operations. The mission of the Army is to equip the Division with a capability based upon the achievement of a full-spectrum dominance against any potential enemy across the entire field of military operations by 2015 - 2020.
On 18 September, as a result of these incidents, President George W. Bush declared war on those countries who harbored terrorists and defined the military retaliations as Operation INFINITE JUSTICE. The origins of the name can be traced back to the 1998 Operation INFINITE REACH airstrikes against Osama bin Laden's facilities in Afghanistan and Sudan in response to the bombings of US embassies in Kenya and Tanzania.
On 09 September, the operation was upgraded as Operation CLEAR SKIES II and was scheduled to end on 14 September. However, on 10 September, in response to elevated security threats, the Secretary of Defense, Rumsfeld approved the transition of the exercise into a live operation NOBLE EAGLE - loading the launchers with live missiles to provide an extra layer of defense for the anniversary of the 11 September attack on the United States, which included a large outdoor ceremony at the Pentagon attended by President George W. Bush.
Just one month after the terrorist attacks of 11 September, President Bush initiated Operation ENDURING FREEDOM. The following month, US Forces entered Afghanistan to begin offensives directed at those organizations and governments who were directly and indirectly responsible for the attacks. The 545th Military Police Company deployed and were responsible for interrogating and processing nearly 2500 detainees.
In early 2003, select divisional units were designated to deploy in support of Operation IRAQI FREEDOM. These specialized units included the 1-227 Aviation Battalion who provided aviation assets to the operations. maintenance support for the battalion was provided by the 615th Aviation support battalion and airfield security was provided by the 1-21 Field Artillery. The 68th Chemical Company was attached to 3rd Infantry Division serving as a Hazardous material response team.
In response to the increase of the threat level change to "Orange", Fire Support Elements of the 4th Battalion, 5th ADA redeployed to the national capital and by 12 February all of their equipment was in position and integrated into the defense system communications network. Since that movement, they have remained there on station, carrying out their assigned precautionary and prudent defense mission.
During the raids, troops found several weapons and about $3,000 hidden in
various houses, and one Iraqi was killed when he tried to wrest a rifle from
an American soldier. The raid, the second in Tikrit in as many days, began
shortly after midnight when six Bradley Fighting Vehicles sealed off a
residential district. Soldiers broke down gates and doors, forced their way
inside and emerged with about 20 men, blindfolded and hands tied behind their
Many Afghan officials, suspicious of Pakistan for its previous nurturing and
support of the Taliban regime, have accused it of allowing sanctuary for
fugitive extremists in its remote tribal border regions. Afghan and United
States forces hunting the extremists have come under repeated attack along
Afghanistan's border with Pakistan, leading to suspicions that anti-US and
anti-Kabul groups have been regrouping on the Pakistani side.
Deployed under the designation of Task Force BAGHDAD, the Division established and operated from 40 Forward Operating Bases (FOB) throughout the Iraqi capital city. Carrying out their mission, they came in direct contact with the terrorists, battling enemy forces more than 935 times, which included subversive attacks by small-arms fire, mortar, Rocket-Propelled Grenades and Improvised Explosive Devices.
During the deployment 2,508 combat badges and 175 medals for valor, including two Silver Stars along with 1,900 Purple Hearts, were award to 1st Cavalry soldiers. The ceremony also served as a grim reminder of the cost of defending the freedoms of the country in Operation IRAQI FREEDOM-II as the cannons were fired to honor the loss of its 169 members who gave their lives in their service.
The Division engaged in multiple lines of operations simultaneously to defeat the enemy and win the support of the Iraqi people. Two major events in the march toward true democracy occurred during the year in the Iraqi capital: (1), the coalition returned sovereignty to the people of Iraq in June 2004; (2), the national elections of January 2005 demonstrated the resolve of the Iraqi people to gain control of their own country.
Following six months of extensive planning, officers of the 1st Cavalry Division began executing the monumental task of reorganizing and realigning its manpower and equipment resources into the Army Matrix of Modular Forces. A whirlwind sequence of 31 Unit Changes of Commands, including ten new Unit Activations, nineteen Unit Inactivations along with transfers of two Units, were executed in the traditional Cavalry ceremony. As each newly activated Brigade changed command, they changed their colors and become a Brigade Unit of Action (BUA). Under the reorganization, the Division is composed of six Brigades.
While undertaking the transformation changes, the Division experienced nearly a fifty percent turnover in personnel while performing the coordination of arrival and reallocation of critical new equipment required to support their new missions. Simultaneously, with the equipment changeovers, new training and maintenance programs were initiated to prepare for possible combat redeployment in the summer of 2006 or as may be directed by the Army Command. On 16 October 2005, a major milestone of the "Stand Up" of the 4th Brigade Combat Team at Ft. Bliss, TX. completed the transformation of the 1st Cavalry Division into a Matrix of Modular Forces.
During the most recent deployment in Iraq, several reconstitutational changes were studied, considered and since the return of the Division to Ft. Hood, TX. from Operation Freedom IV, are now being implemented to be ready and more prepared for their next deployment. The more recent changes made since their return are:
On 04 June, the 4th (Longknives) Brigade Combat Team began an initial step in their anticipated 15th month deployment by casing their colors in a ceremony at Cooper Field Parade Grounds. Although an advanced party left Central Texas for Iraq four days ago, the entire Brigade is not scheduled to deploy for Operation Iraqi Freedom - VI until mid June.
On 30 June, the Department of Defense announced that the 1st and 2nd Brigade Combat Teams of the 1st Cavalry Division is to deploy to Iraq in early 2009 to conduct a full spectrum of operations. The announcement reflected the continued commitment of the United States to the security of the Iraqi people, and provides replacement forces required to maintain the current level of effort in Iraq. The release also explained that "any subsequent deployment orders will be issued based on force level decisions made in the future."
On 30 September, In a second Department of Defense announcement, the 1st Cavalry Division Headquarters received orders to deploy in support of Operation IRAQI FREEDOM in early 2009. More than 1,100 Soldiers serve in the Division Headquarters and they provide command and control, intelligence, communication and logistical support among other capabilities while conducting stability and security operations in cooperation with Iraqi Security Forces and local governments. The deployment orders marked the third time that the 1st Cavalry Division Headquarters has deployed in support of Operation IRAQI FREEDOM.
The Air Cavalry Brigade, undertaking their third deployment since 2004, prepared to join the 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th Brigade Combat Teams of the 1st Cavalry Division who are already "in theater". On 20 April 2009, the first flights of 1st Air Cavalry Brigade Soldiers, the last brigade of the 1st Cavalry Division to deploy, left Robert Gray Airfield for Iraq amid a cheering crowd of family members and friends. More than 250 Soldiers were in the "Torch" or advance party of the brigade. The advanced party included the lead elements of the 615th Aviation Support Battalion who will be in charge of the port operations of helicopter assembly, test and inspection in Kuwait.
On 10 November, an advanced party (Greywolf Advon 1) of 300 personnel from the 3rd Brigade Combat Team, 1st Cavalry Division was the first group of Soldiers from the Division to return after deployment for a year in Mosul, Iraq. Their friends and families were patiently waiting and then, almost on cue, the white buses arrived from the airport, full of Grey Wolf Troopers. The Soldiers filed quickly filed out and fell into formation. The music stops. The crowd grows quiet. An officer says a quick prayer and then calls out the command the families have long awaited - Charge !! The families rush the field to find their loved one in a sea of camouflage.
On 26 December, the last flight of 2nd Brigade Combat Team Members, 1st Cavalry Division members, arriving from Iraq, missed Christmas by a couple of hours, however not one Soldier or family member seemed to care as they walked across Cooper Field, most donning Santa Claus hats.
0n 13 January 2010, the 1st Cavalry Division closed out its responsibilities of Operation IRAQ - VI (Rotation 08-10), formally "Multi-National Division Forces - West and Baghdad" by executing a Transfer Of Authority to the commander of the incoming division (now designated as "USD - Center") of control, the 1st Armored Division. The next day, 14 January, the flight of the trail party of the 1st Cavalry Division Headquarters Soldiers arrived at Ft. Hood, TX and as they gathered at the homecoming ceremony at Coopers Field to greet their family and friends, the Colors of the 1st Cavalry Division were uncased, signifying the return of the Division from the combat operations of Operation IRAQ - VI (Rotation 08-10).
On 17 March, the advanced party of the 1st Air Cavalry Brigade, the last
organizational unit of the 1st Cavalry Division scheduled to leave Operation
IRAQ - VI (Rotation 08-10), began its return to Ft. Hood as 150 soldiers were
welcomed back from Iraq at Cooper Field. Soldiers from across the Brigade made
up the advance party that will prepare for the arrival of the rest of the
Brigade in April.
The transition to Operation NEW DAWN is the US commitment to the government and people of Iraq as a sovereign, stable country that will be an enduring strategic partner with the United States. This has been made possible by the improved capability of the ISF to take the lead in securing their country. New Dawn also signifies the success of the responsible drawdown of forces and the redeployment of thousands of US Soldiers, as well as the return or transfer of war fighting equipment to the US or to combat troops in Afghanistan.
To support the transition to stability operations, the Army has six Advisory and Assistance Brigades (AABs) in Iraq. AABs are designed to partner with ISF and are tailored for the needs of the specific location in which they will operate. They provide security for Provincial Reconstruction Teams and have up to 24 specialty teams which enable them to conduct advisory, security, and training missions, as well as the development of civil capacity. ABs are structured around the modular design of brigade combat teams but are trained for stability operations, rather than for combat. However, under the security agreement they retain the inherent right to self-defense and are authorized to take necessary action to prevent terrorist activities in order to protect themselves or the people of Iraq.
On 15 December 2011, after almost nine years, the Iraq war officially ended. Defense Secretary Leon E. Panetta flew into Baghdad to be the guest of honor at a ceremony formally wrapping up the 8 1/2 invasion and occupation period of Iraq. The ceremony ended the war two weeks earlier than was necessary under the terms of the security agreement signed by the US and Iraqi governments in 2008, which stipulated that the troops must be gone by 31 December 2011.
After speeches by various dignitaries, the flag of United States Force-Iraq was folded away signaling the end of the mission was over, eight years, eight months and 25 days after it began on March 20, 2003. The war resulted in an estimated 4,487 American deaths, more than 100,000 Iraqi lives lost and more than $800 billion invested by US taxpayers on both the military effort and reconstruction.
Although the Pentagon had introduced planning for force reduction as early in May, 2011, it was not until 27 January 2012 when the Army Chief of Staff, General Raymond Odierno, in a series of public briefings describing the overall scope of the impact on the Army, announced that the Army will remain capable through the planned 6 year drawdown of the current 570,000 Soldiers to 490,000. Along with the loss of 80,000 Soldiers, it is planned to reduce at least eight organizational brigades from the present capability. In 2017, the new Army of 490,000 will be fundamentally different and more capable than the Army of 2001, which was composed of 482,000 Soldiers.
Following the initial release of data, General Raymond Odierno told reporters
that he is comfortable with the recommendations and the time is strategically
right to reduce forces, especially since the new long term planning strategy
does not call for large-scale ground wars and the resulting "end strength" of
the Armed forces will be more effective than now because of the introduction
and use of new technologies along with the fact that today's troops are
combat-seasoned from 10 years of war.
Recently the Obama administration indicated that it might withdraw all toops in Afghanistan after December 2014, an option that defies the present view of the Pentagon that thousands of troops may be needed to contain al-Qaida and to strengthen Afghan forces. The US now has 66,000 troops in Afghanistan, down from a peak of about 100,000 as recently as 2010. The US and its NATO allies agreed in November 2010 that they would withdraw all their combat troops by the end of 2014, but they have yet to decide what future missions will be necessary and how many troops they would require. At stake is the risk of Afghanistan's collapse and a return to the chaos of the 1990s that enabled the Taliban to seize power and provide a haven for Osama bin Laden's al-Qaida network. Fewer than 100 al-Qaida fighters are believed to remain in Afghanistan, although a larger number are just across the border in Pakistani sanctuaries. Administration officials in recent days have indicated that they are considering a range of options for a residual US troop presence of as few as 3,000 and as many as 15,000, with the number linked to a specific set of military-related missions like hunting down terrorists.
Table of Contents
The first Tabloid Link, "The Early Years", describes the beginning,
transition, assignment and integration of the organic elements of the 1st
Cavalry Division which became the first cavalry division of the Army. The
remaining tableaux, that follow, detail the specific reorganizations, actions,
operations and many critical missions that have been performed over its 88
year history to meet the changing threat.
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On 17 July 1944, a group of "First Team" soldiers in the Admiralty Islands agreed to form an Association of 1st Cavalry Division soldiers and veterans to preserve old friendships and conduct periodic reunions. The first reunion of the 1st Cavalry Division Association was held in 1948 at El Paso, TX - Ft. Bliss, the location where the 1st Cavalry Division was organized in 1921.
Today, the 1st Cavalry Division Association is the corporate body of veterans, forming a fraternal organization of some 24,000 alumni on the active rolls with a period of duty assignment to the 1st Cavalry Division which ranges from the 1930's to today's active duty trooper. The organization is non-sectarian, non-profit and non-political.
Who is eligible for membership? Anyone who has been assigned or attached to the 1st Cavalry Division anytime, anywhere is eligible for life membership. Other Military Personnel who served along side the 1st Cavalry Division and Friends of the Cavalry who have not served with the Division can become Associate Members.
Belonging to the 1st Cavalry Association preserves and strengthens friendships shared over the years through chapter activities, annual reunions and the publication of the monthly newspaper, "The Saber". Furthermore, the opportunity to meet other people and make new friendships through association activities; from horse cavalry through ground and airmobile infantry to heavy armor, we share a great Division heritage and tradition.
Former members of the 1st Cavalry Division may enroll and obtain tangible evidence of membership in this great fraternity, i.e. lapel pin, membership card and certificate, decals, a one-year subscription to the Saber and finally notwithstanding the opportunity to be involved in special projects such as the Scholarship Fund. To obtain a membership application, "Click" on the Link button below and print out the form by using your browser "PRINT" function.
Other Military Personnel who served along side the 1st Cavalry Division and Friends of the Cavalry who have not served with the Division may enroll as non-voting, associate members and have the privileges of attending reunions and other outings along with the pride of affiliation with the FIRST TEAM. To obtain an associate membership application, "Click" on the Link button below and print out the form by using your browser "PRINT" function.
Take this opportunity to renew your subscription to the SABER Magazine. To obtain a renewal form, "Click" on the Link button below and print out the form by using your browser "PRINT" function.
In addition to the above 1st Cavalry Division Association Pages, you may also want to visit another center of interest, the Crossed Sabers Chapter Souvenir Shop as part of your Cavalry Scout's Breakfast Report break. The Crossed Sabers Chapter Souvenir Shop, the purveyors of 1st Cavalry Division memorabilia, will provide the opportunity for you to share a piece of your cavalry past with your family.
If this is your first review of the Outpost of the 1st Cavalry Division and its Subordinate Units, you may want to record your own report on your findings during your visit, or perhaps you may want to review the log entries of other visitors.
To report on your findings,
"click" on the "Report-In"
Index Tab of the Troop Log.
To review entries of others,
"Click"on the "View Entries"
Index Tab of the Troop Log.
As you journey through the history of the 1st Cavalry Division and its assigned elements, you may find it interesting enough to send a message to your friends and extend them an invitation for the opportunity to review the rich history of the Division. We have made it easy for you to do. All that is required is for you to click on the Push Button below, fill in their eMail addresses and send.
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Revised 25 Jan '13 SpellChecked