|"Caissons Go Rolling Along"|
Composed by 1st Lt. Edmund L. Gruber - 1908|
Synthesized by Diversified Software Research
|M-270 Multiple Launch Rocket System (MLRS)|
On Order, the 1st Cavalry Division Artillery has an on-order mission to deploy by sea, air or land to any part of the world on a short notice in support of the objectives of the theater Commander. Once engaged with the threat; the objective is to destroy, neutralize, or suppress the enemy by cannon, rocket, and missile fires and to integrate all fires into combined arms operations. On Order, the 1st Cavalry Division Artillery redeploys and prepares for future operations.
The 1st Cavalry Division Artillery is a subordinate command of the 1st Cavalry Division, a heavily armored division stationed at Fort Hood, Texas as part of the US Third Mobile Armored Corps. As an element of the two "on-call" heavy contingency force divisions of the Army, the Division Artillery, was previously composed of the 21st Field Artillery, 68th Chemical Company and the 82nd Field Artillery Regiment,
|A "Look Back" To "How It Was"|
The history of the US Artillery can be traced back to the Military Company of Massachusetts, which was chartered in 1638, and with other colonial artillery companies formed what became the Continental Artillery. In April 1775, more than a century later, the legislature authorized the formation of an artillery regiment. It would be another century, on 08 January 1869, before MG Philip H. Sheridan staked out the site that would become Fort Sill, home of the Field Artillery. Sheridan was leading a campaign into Indian Territory to stop hostile tribes from raiding border settlements in Texas and Kansas. His massive winter campaign involved six cavalry regiments, many which later would be assigned to the 1st Cavalry Division.
On 13 September 1921, when the 1st Cavalry Division organized, the only assigned artillery organization was composed of the 82nd Field Artillery, comprised of "A", "B" & "C" Batteries. The tactical significance of the artillery organizations was recognized on 03 January 1941, with the activation of the 1st Cavalry Division Artillery and the Headquarters and Headquarters Battery at Fort Bliss, Texas. Throughout 1942, the 1st Cavalry Division Artillery underwent intensive training by honing its readiness to a fine edge.
Next, the 1st Cavalry Division Artillery wrote the first chapter of its history - The Admiralty Islands Campaign. This was followed by participation in the Leyte and Luzon Campaigns from 06 September 1945 to 1950. The Division Artillery performer occupation duty in Japan and girded itself for its next call to combat.
It weas not long before the DIVArty became involved in Korea. During the first few weeks, the artillerymen of the Division found themselves fighting with small arms alongside their artillery pieces. The cannoneers of the 1st Cavalry Division Artillery continued to do their share in the fighting in Korea during 1950 - 1951.
In July 1965, the 1st Cavalry Division Artillery's colors were transferred to Fort Benning, GA, where it became transformed as part of the 1st Cavalry Dvision (Airmobile). The 1st Cavalry Division Artillery deployed to Vietnam in September 1965. Across all four Corps areas, as well as the incursion into Cambodia, the airmobile "Redlegs" checkmated the enemy at every turn. In May 1971, the colors of the 1st Cavalry Division Artillery arrived at Fort Hood, TX.
In 1991, the Red Team helped pave the way for the1st Cavalry Division's charge into Iraq, while showering the enemy with over 9,000 cannon round and MLRS rockets. The artillery's lethal effects directly contributed to the success of the theater's deception plan. DIVARTY units were the first United States Army artillery units to fire cannon and copperhead rounds as well as MLRS rockets in combat during Desert Storm.
Following the major waring encounters of the Gulf War, the 1st Cavalry Division Artillery deployed in support of the peacekeeping mission in Bosnia-Herzegovina in support of Operation Joint Forge.
The Division returned from Operation Iraqi Freedom II, serving as Task Force Baghdad. While in Iraq, the Div Arty Headquarters served as the 5th Brigade Combat Team (BCT) of the Division and several FA battalions served as motorized task forces.
On 26 May 2005, following the return from its Operation Iraqi Freedom II deployment, the 5th Brigade (Provisional), formally the Division Artillery, 1st Cavalry Division was inactivated at Fort Hood, Texas. Subsequently, on 30 May 2005, the DIVARTY, 1st Cavalry Division, which had returned to its traditional role, was inactivated as part of the US Army's transformation towards a modular force.
Since its organization, 25 artillery units have been assigned to the Division Artillery. Of the currently assigned units, the 21st Field Artillery became a member of the "Red Team" in July 1960 when the 1st Cavalry Division was stationed in Korea. The last member of the Division Artillery, the 68th Chemical Company, joined the 1st Cavalry Division in March 1963 as part of the Reorganizational Objective Army Division (ROAD) which included divisional level integration of what had been support functions, into the Line Organization.
The capability of the Division Artillery had been developed in conjunction with the long history and needs of the 1st Cavalry Division. It becamne the combination of the experienced training received by each dedicated member of the Team and adherenced the performance level and traditions of the past. Highlights of the many subsequent historical critical missions performed by members of the Divisional Artillery and the honors they achieved are summarized in the chapters that follow:
| Legacy Command Unit |
1st Cavalry Division Artillery Command
|Date Of Issue - 14 February, 2012|
This folio of material highlights of the many subsequent historical critical missions performed by members of the 1st Cavalry Division Artillery, whose actions, operations and the many critical issues resolved over its 72+ years history to meet the changing threat and the honors they achieved are summarized in the following sections:
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Revised 17 Novt '12 SpellChecked