|"The 5th Cavalry March"|
|Composed by J. F. O. Smith - (1882)|
|"What do you mean Sir? - Stand at leisure !!"|
The mission of the 5th Cavalry Regiment is to, on order deploy to a theater of operations to conduct offensive, defensive, stability, and/or support operations to allow establishment of a secure environment.
In 1855, Congress, realizing the number of mounted Soldiers was not enough,
authorized the raising of two more regiments, the 1st Cavalry and the 2nd
Cavalry. The 2nd Cavalry Regiment (later redesignated as the 5th Cavalry
Regiment on 03 August, 1861) was constituted on 03 March 1855 and organized at
Louisville, Kentucky commanded by Albert Sidney Johnston with troops drawn
from Alabama, Maryland, Missouri, Indiana, Kentucky, Pennsylvania, Ohio and
Virginia. The officers were hand picked by Secretary of War, Jefferson Davis,
who would later become president of the Confederacy. After training at
Jefferson Barracks, Missouri, the regiment received orders in late September
1855 to ride southwest to Fort Belknap, Texas with 700 men and 800 horses. The
line of march carried them through Missouri, Arkansas and Indian Territory.
On 27 December the regiment arrived at Fort Belknap and their long hard march,
which depended on the resources of the surrounding country for meat, flour and
forage was ended.
The early history of 5th Cavalry Regiment was closely tied to the movement of people and trade along the southwest and on the western plains.These routes, a result of perceived "manifest destiny", extended the domination of the United States into the far reaches of a largely unsettled western plains and southwestern territories. More and more wagon trains loaded with settlers, rolling west, were being attacked by Indians. The Army, having large areas of territory to protect, established a number of military posts at strategic locations throughout the West.
In 1866, soon after the end of the Civil war, Congress initiated additional legislature to expand the number of cavalry regiments. The sound of the bugle and the cry of "Charge" sent the thundering hooves of the US Cavalry troopers, many who had former service in the Civil War, to oversee and protect the western bound settlers in an era when Indians roamed the western frontier and pioneering settlers clung to their land with determination. The 1st, 4th, 5th, 7th, 8th and 10th Cavalry Regiments (all eventually subordinate maneuvering units of the 1st Cavalry Division) clashed with the Sioux, Comanche, Arapaho, Apache and the Indian Nations during the Indian Wars.
The current capability of the 5th Cavalry Regiment has been developed in conjunction with the long history of the 1st Cavalry Division. It is the combination of the experienced training received by each dedicated member of the Team and adherence to the performance level and traditions of the past. Highlights of the many subsequent historical critical missions performed by members of the 5th Cavalry Regiment and the honors they achieved are summarized in the chapters that follow:
On 22 January 1921 the 1st Cavalry Division was constituted in the US Regular Army. On 13 September 1921, with the initiation of the National Defense Act, the 1st Cavalry Division was formally activated at Ft. Bliss, TX and Major General Robert Lee Howze, a Texas native from Rusk County and seasoned veteran of then Frontier Indian Wars, Spanish American War, Philippines Insurrection, Mexican Expedition, World War I and recipient of the Medal of Honor, was selected as its first Division Commander.
Upon formal activation, the 7th, 8th and 10th Cavalry Regiments were assigned to the new Division. With almost a century of service behind the oldest of its regiments and sixty five years of service for its youngest, the units that had already ridden and fought its way into the pages of history were organized into the newly formed divisional structure. The four regiments were now to fight side by side. Other units initially assigned to the 1st Cavalry Division in 1921 included the 1st and 2nd Machine Gun Squadrons, Weapons Troops, 10th Light Tank Company, 13th Signal Troop, 15th Veterinary Company, 27th Ordnance Company, 43rd Ambulance Company, 82nd Field Artillery Battalion (Horse) and the 1st Cavalry Quartermaster Trains which later was redesignated as the 15th Replacement Company.
Later, on 18 December 1922, the 5th Cavalry Regiment was assigned to the 1st Cavalry Division, relieving the 10th Cavalry Regiment. It would not be until 03 January 1933 that the 12th Cavalry Regiment, organized in 1901, would join the 1st Cavalry Division, relieving the 1st Cavalry Regiment. and it was not until 15 October, 1957, when the 4th Cavalry Regiment joined with the 1st Cavalry Division as the 2nd Battle Group, 4th Cavalry, (an element) of the Pentomic Division in ceremonies held in Tonggu, Korea when the colors of the 24th Infantry Division were retired and replaced by those of the 1st Cavalry Division.
As of today, the 5th Cavalry Regiment is currently represented by the following active Units:
This folio of material highlights of the many subsequent historical critical missions performed by members of the 5th Cavalry Regiment, whose actions, operations and the many critical issues resolved over its 154 year history to meet the changing threat and the honors they achieved are summarized in the following sections:
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Revised 06 Apr '12 SpellChecked