|"Battle-Cry Of Freedom"|
Civil War Campaign Song|
Composed by George F. Root - 1862
Adapted by Composer H. L. Schreiner and Lyricist W. H. Barnes
|Link Manual For Saber Exercise and Drill Link|
On 22 January 1921 the 1st Cavalry Division was constituted in the US Regular Army. Subsequently on 20 August 1921 the 1st Cavalry Regiment, the first unit assigned to the 1st Cavalry Division, was preassigned to the Division nearly a month before its formal activation. On 13 September 1921, with the initiation of the National Defense Act, the 1st Cavalry Division was formally activated at Ft. Bliss, TX and Major General Robert Lee Howze, a Texas native from Rusk County and seasoned veteran of then Frontier Indian Wars, Spanish American War, Philippines Insurrection, Mexican Expedition, World War I and recipient of the Medal of Honor, was selected as its first Division Commander.
The early history of the organic units assigned to the 1st Cavalry Division
was closely tied to the movement of people and trade along the Oregon and
Santa Fe Trails. These routes, a result of perceived "manifest destiny",
extended the western domain of the United States into the far reaches of a
largely unsettled territory. More and more wagon trains, loaded with settlers,
rolling west were being attacked by Indians.
By the 1830's it had become apparent that the rapidly expanding frontier demanded highly mobile troops capable of covering the vast unpopulated areas of the rugged terrain of the west, tracking down and pursue the Indians beyond their usual haunts. The roots of the 1st Cavalry Division are found in an answer to those who advocated a mounted military force for speed and mobility, yet trained and properly equipped to fight dismounted as well as mounted. In 02 March 1833, the US Regiment of Dragoons was constituted in the Regular Army and subsequently on 04 March, the Regiment was organized at Jefferson Barracks, Missouri. The unit was commanded by Colonel Henry Dodge, a former member of the Battalion of Mounted Rangers. Dragoon Lt. Albert M. Lea described Colonel Dodge as "a splendid man, soldierly, erect, with an eagle eye, but lacking in the amenities and grammar."
When the War Department created the US Regiment of Dragoons, it retained a number of the officers of the Battalion of Mounted Rangers. Among the commissioned staff of the Dragoons' were a number of experienced infantrymen who were to become famous as cavalrymen, Lt. Colonel Stephen Watts Kearny - 3rd Infantry, Lt. Jefferson Davis - 1st Infantry and Lt. Philip St. George Cook - 6th Infantry. However, the reorganization did not include any of the enlisted personnel. Instead, the Adjutant General, who was responsible for recruiting, sent the officers of the new regiment throughout the different states with directions to recruit an elite unit. The orders emphasized aiming for a better class of recruits than usual and for "native born" Americans. The Dragoons were flamboyant by any military standard. Long hair, colorful scarfs, facial hair and even earrings was adorned by these elite troopers.
In 1866, soon after the end of the Civil war, Congress initiated action to expand the number of cavalry regiments. The sound of the bugle and the cry of "Charge" sent the thundering hooves of the US Cavalry troopers, many who had former service in the Civil War, to oversee and protect the western bound settlers in an era when Indians roamed the western frontier and pioneering settlers clung to their land with determination. The 1st, 4th, 5th, 7th, 8th and 10th Cavalry Regiments (all eventually subordinate maneuvering units of the 1st Cavalry Division) clashed with the Sioux, Comanche, Arapaho, Apache and the Indian Nations during the Indian Wars.
As of today, the 1st Cavalry Regiment is currently represented by the following active Units:
The above listing of 1st Cavalry Regiment active units and their brigade assignments is at its best - may be inaccurate. Visitor submissions of updated linage data is encouraged.
This folio of material highlights of the many subsequent historical critical missions performed by members of the 1st Cavalry Regiment, whose actions, operations and the many critical issues resolved over its 176 year history to meet the changing threat and the honors they achieved are summarized in the following sections:
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Revised 05 Apr '12 SpellChecked