"A" Btry, 26th Field Artillery
Organizational Legacy
"Courage And Action"

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EQ-26 Auxilery And Motor FireFinder Replacement System

Regimental Distinctive Unit Insignia


The 1st Cavalry Division, a major subordinate command of the US Third Mobile Armored Corps, is a 19,000 soldier, heavy armored division stationed at Ft. Hood, TX. As one of the two "on-call" heavy contingency force divisions of the Army, the First Team has an on-order mission to deploy by sea, air or land to any part of the world on a short notice. The following narratives, divided in timeline eras of major operational missions, describes the threat environment, tactical conditions, evolution of equipment technology and the strategic methodology employed by one of its command units, the 41st Fires Brigade and its Subordinate Units, to contribute to the successful missions enhancement of the warring organization of the 1st Cavalry Division and the honors they achieved are summarized in the chapters that follow.


The mission of the Target Acquisition Battery (TAB) is to detect, identify, and locate enemy forces in the division area of operations or area of interest with sufficient accuracy for attack by friendly units.


The Target Acquisition Battery can acquire indirect fire targets by using its organic weapons locating radars. It can acquire enemy moving targets and provide surveillance with its organic moving-target-locating radar. A counterfire officer and a target processing section are provided to the Fires Brigade or Division Artillery to help the Artillery Counterfire Officer. To enable assets to accurately locate targets, Target Acquisition Battery survey sections provide prescribed survey elements to the Division survey section as required.

Organizational Summary:

United States Artillery can be traced back to the Military Company of Massachusetts, which was chartered in 1638, and with other colonial artillery companies formed what became the Continental Artillery. More than a century later, in April 1775, the legislature authorized the formation of an artillery regiment. This unit was first commanded by Colonel Richard Gridley, a former British artillery officer who later was replaced by Colonel Henry Knox. Colonel Knox eventually became the Chief of Artillery and is credited with shaping artillery tactics for the remainder of the Revolution.

From the historical battlefields of Yorktown and Gettysburg, through the Western Plains, Mexican and Spanish American Wars, the artillery was always there. In fact, the nickname, "Redlegs", comes from that era when artillery uniforms had a 2-inch red stripe on their trousers and horse artillery men wore red canvas leggings. Continuing through the modern days of the European and Asian Theaters of WWII, the Pusan Perimeter in Korea, the Ia Drang Valley in Vietnam, to the "Steel Rain" of Desert Storm, "Redlegs" have served with distinction and valor in all of our country's armed conflicts.

AN_TPQ-36 Artillery And Motor FireFinder

The mechanical support of Target and Artillery Locating Acquisition began in world War I and now covers the envelope of electronic detection, identification, and location of a target in sufficient detail to permit the effective employment of lethal and non-lethal means. The term is used for a broad area of applications.

Technically target acquisition may just denote the process of a weapon system to decide which object to lock on to, as opposed to surveillance on one and target tracking on the other side; for example in an anti-aircraft system.

Un the field, a "target" is an entity or object considered for possible engagement or other action. Targets include a wide array of resources that an enemy commander can use to conduct operations including mobile and stationary units, forces, equipment, capabilities, facilities, persons and functions. It may comprise Target Acquisition, Joint Targeting or Information Operations.

The target aquisition and Identification capabilities of Field Artillery lays a key role in the targeting process. Without accurate targeting data, indirect fire systems are of limited value. Weapons Locating Radars (WLR) are one of the primary means of locating enemy indirect fire systems. Tasks for WLRs are integrated into the Intelligence Plan (ICP) developed during the phase of the targeting process. Radar taskings are identified in the radar execution matrix of the Target Field Artillery Support Plan (FASP)

When appropriate, tasks are noted for special actions at specific points in the battle. Specific functions of Weapons Locating Radars (WLRs) include:

  • Locating enemy indirect systems and generating artillery target intelligence.
  • Locating enemy indirect fire systems and generating fire missions.
  • Registering and adjusting friendly artillery and mortars.
  • Validating the location of friendly fires.
  • Providing target intelligence and information to allow friendly forces to take force protection measures while generating fire. missions to attack enemy indirect fire systems.

    World War I, Continental US

    The roots of "A" Batterey, 26th Field Artillery can be traced back to 05 July 1918, when it was constituted in the National Army as an element of the 9th Division On 02 August it was organized at Camp McClellan, Alabama. The regiment served within the continental limits of the United States during World War I and was demobilized on 09 February 1919, at Camp McClellan, Alabama. In 1923, the 26th Field Artillery was reconstituted as an inactive unit of the Regular Army and allotted to the Fourth Corps Area.

    World War II, European Theater

    On 01 August 1940 it was reactivated as part of the Field Artillery, Ninth Infantry Division, First Army, at Fort Bragg in North Carolina. On 01 October 1940, the three battalions of the 26th Field Artillery were re-designated as Artillery, and the old first battalion then became the 26th Field Artillery Battalion.

    As of today, the 26th Field Artillery Regiment is currently represented by the following active Units:

    The above listing of 26th Field Artillery Regiment active units and their brigade assignments is at its best - may be inaccurate. Visitor submissions of updated linage data is encouraged.

    To Be continued ...............

    This folio of material highlights of the many subsequent historical critical missions performed by members of the 21nd Field Artillery, whose actions, operations and the many critical issues resolved over its 96+ years history to meet the changing threat and the honors they achieved are summarized in the following sections:

    Table of Contents

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    Copyright © 1996, Cavalry Outpost Publications ® and Trooper Wm. H. Boudreau, "F" Troop, 8th Cavalry Regiment (1946 - 1947). All rights to this body of work are reserved and are not in the public domain, or as noted in the bibliography. Reproduction, or transfer by electronic means, of the History of the 1st Cavalry Division, the subordinate units or any internal element, is not permitted without prior authorization. Readers are encouraged to link to any of the pages of this Web site, provided that proper acknowledgment attributing to the source of the data is made. The information or content of the material contained herein is subject to change without notice.

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