|"The Girl I Left Behind"|
Adapted by the US Army - 1812|
Composed by Unknown Artist - circa 1800 Synthesized by Charles R. Glasgow
|A Braver Set of Men" by Tod Haskins Fredricks|
The mission of the 9th Cavalry Regiment is to deploy to a designated contingency area of operations and conduct full spectrum operations in support ith mission of its cognizant Brigade On order, redeploys and prepares for future operations.
When Congress reorganized the peacetime regular army on 28 July, 1866, it had taken the above situation into account. It also recognized the military merits of black soldiers by authorizing two segregated regiments of black cavalry, the Ninth United States Cavalry and the Tenth United States Cavalry and the 24th, 25th , 38th , 39th, 40th and 41st Infantry Regiments. Orders were given to transfer the troops to the western war arena, where they would join the army's fight with the Indians.
Cavalry companies accounted for 20 percent of the total number of company sized organizations. The Regular Army's authorized strength of approximately 57,000 officers and men was then more than double what it had been at the close of the war. The whole arrangement was remarkable because it was the first time in the nation's history that the Regular establishment had been increased substantially immediately after a war. Recruiting, to obtain the increase in man power force levels, began at once. Emphasis was placed upon securing veteran Volunteers before they left the service. The officers were selected from both Volunteers and Regulars; each candidate was required to have had at last two years of honorable service in the Civil War.
The new cavalry regiments, numbered 9th, and 10th, were organized under the same tables as the 6 already in existence. A regiment consisted of 12 companies formed into 3 squadrons of 4 companies each. Besides the commanding officer who was a colonel, the regimental staff included 7 officers, 6 enlisted men, a surgeon, and 2 assistant surgeons. Each company was authorized 4 officers, 15 noncommissioned officers, and 72 privates. A civilian veterinarian accompanied the regiment although he was not included in the table of organization.
On 28 July 1866, the 9th Cavalry Regiment, currently represented in the 2nd, 3rd and 4th Combat Brigades of the 1st Cavalry Division, Fort Hood, Texas was constituted in the Regular Army. On 03 August 1866, General Phillip Sheridan, commander of the Military Division of the Gulf, was authorized to raise one regiment of African-American cavalry that was to be designated the 9th Cavalry Regiment. The regiment was organized 21 September 1866, at Greenville, Louisiana. with Col. Edward Hatch, a brevet Major General by the close of the Civil War, commanding. The 9th Cavalry was ordered to Texas in June of 1867. There it was charged with protecting stage and mail routes, building and maintaining forts, and establishing law and order in a vast area full of outlaws, Mexican revolutionaries, and raiding Comanches, Cheyennes, Kiowas and Apaches.
The early history of 9th Cavalry Regiment was closely tied to the movement of people and trade on the western plains and along the Mexican Border. These routes, a result of perceived "manifest destiny", extended the domination of the United States into the far reaches of a largely unsettled western plains and southwestern territories. More and more wagon trains loaded with settlers, rolling west, were being attacked by Indians. The Army, having large areas of territory to protect, established a number of military posts at strategic locations throughout the west.
The current capability of the 9th Cavalry Regiment has been developed in conjunction with the long history of the 1st Cavalry Division. It is the combination of the experienced training received by each dedicated member of the Team and adherence to the performance level and traditions of the past. Highlights of the many subsequent historical critical missions performed by members of the 9th Cavalry Regiment and the honors they achieved are summarized in the chapters that follow:On 22 January 1921 the 1st Cavalry Division was constituted in the US Regular Army. On 13 September 1921, with the initiation of the National Defense Act, the 1st Cavalry Division was formally activated at Ft. Bliss, TX and Major General Robert Lee Howze, a Texas native from Rusk County and seasoned veteran of then Frontier Indian Wars, Spanish American War, Philippines Insurrection, Mexican Expedition, World War I and recipient of the Medal of Honor, was selected as its first Division Commander.
Upon formal activation, the 7th, 8th and 10th Cavalry Regiments were assigned to the new Division. With almost a century of service behind the oldest of its regiments and sixty five years of service for its youngest, the units that had already ridden and fought its way into the pages of history were organized into the newly formed divisional structure. The four regiments were now to fight side by side. Other units initially assigned to the 1st Cavalry Division in 1921 included the 1st and 2nd Machine Gun Squadrons, Weapons Troops, 10th Light Tank Company, 13th Signal Troop, 15th Veterinary Company, 27th Ordnance Company, 43rd Ambulance Company, 82nd Field Artillery Battalion (Horse) and the 1st Cavalry Quartermaster Trains which later was redesignated as the 15th Replacement Company.
Later, on 18 December 1922, the 5th Cavalry Regiment was assigned to the 1st Cavalry Division, relieving the 10th Cavalry Regiment. It would not be until 03 January 1933 that the 12th Cavalry Regiment, organized in 1901, would join the 1st Cavalry Division, relieving the 1st Cavalry Regiment.
On 15 October, 1957, the 1st Squadron, 9th Cavalry was organized using elements of "A" Troop, 9th Cavalry Regiment that were consolidated with the 16th Reconnaissance Company (previously designated as the 302nd Mechanized Cavalry Reconnaissance Troop, 1st Cavalry Division.) to form the 1st Reconnaissance Squadron, 9th Cavalry Regiment. The unit formally joined the Division in ceremonies held in Tonggu, Korea when the colors of the 24th Infantry Division were retired and replaced by those of the 1st Cavalry Division.
Concurrent with the 1st Cavalry Division's reorganization as a Pentomic Division in Korea, the 4th Cavalry Regiment, the last of the old frontier cavalry maneuvering units, joined the 1st Cavalry Division as the 2nd Battle Group, 4th Cavalry, (an element) of the Pentomic Division
As of today, the 9th Cavalry Regiment is currently represented by the following active Units:
This folio of material highlights of the many subsequent historical critical missions performed by members of the 9th Cavalry Regiment, whose actions, operations and the many critical issues resolved over its 143 year history to meet the changing threat and the honors they achieved are summarized in the following sections:
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Revised 05 Apr '12 SpellChecked