On 20 August 1957, the First Cavalry Division, guarding the northern sections of Honshu, Japan was reduced to zero strength and transferred to Korea (minus equipment). On 23 September 1957, General Order 89 announced the redesignation of the 24th Infantry Division as the 1st Cavalry Division and ordered a reorganization of the Division under the "pentomic" concept, In ceremonies held on 15 October, the colors of the 24th Division were retired and the colors of the 1st Cavalry Division were passed to the Commanding General of the old 24th Division, Major General Ralph W. Zwicker. "The First Team" had returned, standing ready to defend Korea against Communist aggression. The redesignated and reorganized First Cavalry was assigned the mission of patrolling the "Freedom's Frontier" (DMZ).
On 15 February 1957, as a part of the pentomic reorganization, the 12th Cavalry Regiment was reorganized as a parent regiment under the Combat Arms Regimental System and redesignated as the 2nd Battle Group, 12th Cavalry. On 15 November, the unit was activated in Korea and assigned to the 1st Cavalry Division to perform its mission as an active member of the Army of the United States only front line division.
On 15 July 1963, Headquarters and Headquarters Troop, 1st Reconnaissance
Squadron, 12th Cavalry was redesignated as Headquarters and Headquarters
Company, 1st Battalion, 12th Cavalry and, along with Companies "A", "B" and
"C", was assigned to the 1st Cavalry Division. On 01 September 1963, the 1st
Battalion was activated in Korea, replacing the 2nd Battle Group which was
inactivated and relieved from the 1st Cavalry Division. The unit remained on
duty at the DMZ until 01 July 1965, when it was transferred (less personnel
and equipment) from Korea to Fort Benning, Georgia and reorganized.
On 15 June 2000 the first major breakthrough leading to more stable, peaceful
conditions in the Korean Peninsula came about by the signing of a landmark
agreement committing the Koreans to work toward reunification, to allow the
reunions of families separated during the Korean War, and to improve economic
cooperation between the two nations. While the joint communication was short
of specifics, it signaled that the leaders, South Korean President, Kim
Dae-jung and North Korean leader, Kim Jong Il hoped to put relations on the
Korean Peninsula on an even footing and raised hopes for the eventual
reunification of the nations. Later, South Korean officials outlined plans for
implementing the historic agreement -- including the creation of a military
hotline and building a railway crossing at the nations' heavily patrolled
Riders have to pass through a military checkpoint to get onto the trail, but the CCL is a good five miles south of the actual DMZ and within the sight of the sometimes unpredictable soldiers of North Korea. The ride is filled with memorable sights. The rivers of the area are unmarred by boat or fisherman. The terrain is relatively flat, absent of any houses, and, in the distance in every direction, there are postcard-worthy views of the mountains. This truly would be a nature-lover's paradise, were it not for the armed soldiers, the guard towers and all the barbed wire.
Need a gift for an Alumni of the 1st Cavalry Division?
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