Today the Force Structure and Unit History Branch continues the work begun by the Historical Section of the Army War College. The branch maintains historical information on active and inactive units in all components - Regular Army, Army Reserve, and Army National Guard, and prepares official Lineage and Honors Certificates. On the basis of research in primary and secondary material, the certificates outline the major organizational changes undergone by the unit and provide a list of the official battle honors (campaign credit and decorations) that the unit has earned. The information contained on the certificates is reformatted for publication in the Army Lineage Series
While it would take a book to recount the rich history brought about by the
changes of each unit in the 15th Brigade Support Battalion, an overall look
at the major reorganizational elements of the Battalion Lineage presents a
picture of an organization that was accustomed to fighting and brought
strength from change.
07 December 1917; Constituted in the National Army as the 42nd Engineer Battalion.
07 February 1918; Organized at Washington, DC.
18 October 1918; Battalion broken up and its elements reorganized as
June/July 1919; 42nd, 43rd, 44th and 45th Companies, 20th Engineers demobilized at Camp Merritt, New Jersey and Newport News, Virginia.
01 October 1933; Reconstituted in the Regular Army as the 42nd Engineers.
01 June 1940; Activated at Fort Benning, Georgia.
01 August 1942; Redesignated as 20th Engineer Combat Regiment.
15 January 1944; 20th Engineer Regiment broken up and its elements
reorganized and redesignated as follows:
30 March 1946; 20th Engineer Combat Battalion inactivated in Germany.
18 September 1950; Activated at Fort Bragg, North Carolina.
08 June 1953; Reorganized and redesignated as the 20th Engineer Battalion.
16 October 1992; Assigned to the 1st Cavalry Division at Fort Hood, Texas.
16 October, 2003; Relieved fropm assignment to the 1st Cavalry Division (lettered companies concurrently inactivated); Support Company concurrently constituted and reactivated.
The history of the 20th Engineer Battalion recorded the following significant
events occurring on the dates listed.
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Revised 25 Oct '12 SpellChecked