TRICAP, an acronym for TRIple-CAPability, was derived from combining the
ground (mechanized infantry or armor) capability, airmobile infantry and air
cavalry or attack helicopter forces. TRICAP I was held at Fort Hood, Texas
beginning in February 1972. On 28 February 1972, the 4th Squadron, 9th Cavalry
was reactivated to join in TRICAP evaluations. The purpose of TRICAP I was to
investigate the effectiveness and operational employment of the TRICAP concept
at battalion and company levels when conducting tactical operations in a 1979
European mid-intensity warfare environment. The exercise consisted of six
phases; movement to contact, defense and delay, exploitation, elimination of
penetration, rear area security and night elimination of penetration in an
adjacent area. On 13 September 1972, the 4th Squadron, 9th Cavalry was
inactivated at Fort Hood, Texas.
The main body of the 1st Cavalry Division, at Fort Hood, under the direction of MASSTER, continued to test future concepts of mobility and flexibility on the battlefield. The tests continued for three and a half years were very demanding. It was concluded that the employment of the TRICAP concept at the battalion level appeared to have application in some tactical situations, but employment at company level appeared to be feasible only for short periods of combat and for special missions. Evaluation also indicated that air cavalry would normally be controlled above the company level. The battalion task force encountered no combat support problems directly attributable to the TRICAP concept. On 19 November 1974, the 4th Squadron, 9th Cavalry was reactivated and assigned to the 1st Cavalry Division.
On 21 February 1975, the end of TRICAP evaluations, the mission of airmobile
anti-armor warfare was transferred to the 6th Cavalry Brigade (Air Combat)
co-located at Fort Hood, Texas and the 1st Cavalry Division was reorganized
and redesignated to become the newest Armored Division in the Army,
essentially the battle configuration it retains today. On 21 July 1975, as
part of the divisional restructuring, the 4th Squadron, 9th Cavalry was
relieved from the 1st Cavalry Division and assigned to the 6th Cavalry
|1st Cavalry Division Headquarters - 1980|
In September 1982, the division's first National Training Center (NTC) rotation at Fort Irwin, located in the High Mojave Desert of California, kicked off a long on-going series of tough, realistic desert battles which enables the division to stay on the leading edge of warfare technology of today. The first units to attend were the 2nd Battalion, 7th Cavalry and 3rd Battalion, 10th Cavalry of the 2nd Brigade. The Division now conducts three NTC rotations per year.
In the fall of 1983, the division deployed to Europe for the annual REturn of FORces to GERmany (REFORGER) exercises. This deployment was consistent with the contingency plans for its NATO reinforcement role. REFORGER '83 was the largest deployment of the division since Vietnam. A real test of war equipment repositioned stocks, REFORGER also marked the first time the exercise was lead by the Dutch. The 1st Squadron, 9th Cavalry participated in two key exercises, "Aquamarine" and "Atlantic Lion".
On 16 October 1986, the colors of the 1st Squadron (Reconnaissance), 9th Cavalry were removed from service and the unit was redesignated 1st Squadron, 7th Cavalry. For the first time since 1943, the 1st Squadron was conducting missions as a true cavalry unit. At that time, the unit consisted of one ground troop and two air troops,with a combat power of 20 M3A1 Bradleys, 8 AH-1P Cobra Attack Helicopters and 12 OH-58C observation helicopters.
On 16 March 1987, the 1st Squadron, 9th Cavalry was reactivated at Fort Lewis,
WA. and assigned to the 9th Infantry Division (Motorized) as the divisional
At Fort Hood, the division, through deliberate planning, evolved into the combat unit which would be eventually assigned a major role in the Gulf War. Along with the constant training of personnel, equipment was updated. The XM-1 tank, renamed the M1 Abrams, was accepted and issued, along with the BFV (Bradley M2 Infantry) and CFV (M3 Cavalry) fighting vehicles. New technology was fielded in the MLRS (Multiple Launched Rocket Systems) and the AH-64 Apache helicopter with its "Hellfire" guided missile. The old reliable Jeep bowed to the HEMTT (Heavy Expanded Multi-purpose Tactical Truck), capable of hauling fuel, ammunition and various cargos, and the HMMWV (High Mobility Multi-purpose Wheeled Vehicle, configured as troop/cargo carrier, light armored personnel carrier, communications equipment carrier and ambulance, - both of which proved to be invaluable in the Gulf War.
On 15 February 1991 the 1st Squadron, 9th Cavalry, 9th Infantry Division was inactivated along with the rest of the 9th Infantry Division. Subsequently, on same day, 15 February, its organic units of the was concurrently inactivated and the squadron was reorganized as "A" Troop, 9th Cavalry and assigned to 199th Infantry Brigade.
It would not be until the end of the Gulf War and subsequent 1st Cavalry Division reorganization of 16 December 1992, when Troop "A", 9th Cavalry, 199th Infantry Brigade would be redesignated as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 1st Battalion, 9th Cavalry Regiment and reassigned to the 3rd (Gray Wolf) Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division at Fort Hood, TX. Following its reassignment to the 1st Cavalry Division, the 1st Battalion continued to be called upon for hard missions and completed three deployments to the Emirate of Kuwait for Intrinsic Action and three highly successful National Training Center (NTC) rotations and a deployment to Iraq, continuing the proud traditions of the Regiment.
On 20 September, 2002 the 1st Cavalry Division unfurled the guidon of the unit designated to become the second element representing the beginning of the change over of the Division organization to the FORCE XXI configuration, "D" Troop, 9th Cavalry Regiment, 2nd "BlackJack" Brigade. In addition to the process of reactivating "D" Troop, the Division restored the organizational continuity of a piece of its history.
On 01 November, 2002, in activation ceremonies held at the Grey Wolf Headquarters building, the 1st Cavalry Division unfurled the guidon of the unit designated to become the third element representing the continuation of the change over of the Division organization to the FORCE XXI configuration, "F" Troop, 9th Cavalry Regiment, 3rd "GreyWolf" Brigade.
As a Reconnaissance Troops, Both "D" and "F" Troops will be the "eyes and ears" of the 2nd and 3rd Brigades conducting reconnaissance and security missions. In the field, its troops, either on foot or moving swiftly in heavily armed HMMWVs, will be probing ahead, scouting the terrain features, accessing, locating and identifying the presence of hostiles. This action enables the 3rd Brigade to survey deep into their assigned sector, anticipate and plan for attack or counteraction operations.
On 24 May 2005 , following six months of extensive planning, officers of the 1st Cavalry Division began executing the monumental task of reorganizing and realigning its manpower and equipment resources into the Army Matrix of Modular Forces. As each Brigade changed command, they changed their colors and become a Brigade Unit of Action (BUA). Under the reorganization, the Division will have six Brigades.
|1st Cavalry Reorganizational Ceremony on Cooper Field|
On 08 July, the second unit of the Modular Forces, the 4th Squadron, 9th Cavalry Regiment was activated at Ft. Hood, TX. and assigned to the 2nd (BlackJack) Brigade Combat Team, 1st Cavalry Division. Concurrently, "D" Trp, 9th Cavalry Regiment was redesignated as "B" Trp, 4th Squadron, 9th Cavalry Regiment and assigned to the 9th Cavalry Regiment, 2nd Brigade Combat Team.
Continuing the restructuring of the Division and preparation for the reorganization to a Modular Force, on 14 July, the 1st Battalion, 9th Cavalry Regiment, 3rd (GreyWolf) Brigade Combat Team, 1st Cavalry Division was inactivated at Ft. Hood, TX. and concurrently; the sixth unit of the Modular Forces, the 6th Squadron, 9th Cavalry Regiment, was activated at Ft. Hood, TX. and assigned to the 3rd (GreyWolf) Brigade Combat Team, 1st Cavalry Division along with "F" Trp, 9th Cavalry Regiment who was redesignated as "B" Trp, 6th Squadron, 9th Cavalry Regiment and assigned to the 9th Cavalry Regiment, 3rd Brigade Combat Team.
The final Change was effected on 18 October as the eleventh unit of the Modular Forces, the 1st Squadron, 9th Cavalry Regiment, 4th Brigade Combat Team was reactivated at Ft. Bliss, TX and assigned to the 1st Cavalry Division.
While undertaking the transformation changes, the Division experienced nearly a fifty percent turnover in personnel while performing the coordination of arrival and reallocation of critical new equipment required to support their new missions. Simultaneously, with the equipment changeovers, new training and maintenance programs were initiated to prepare for possible combat redeployment as early as 15 April, 2006.
As of today, the 9th Cavalry Regiment is currently represented by the following active Units:
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Revised 31 Oct '09 SpellChecked